WonderHowTo / 2017-01-12 05:03
Do the CDC’s Suggested New Quarantine Rules Give Them Too Much Power?
When Kaci Hickox, a Doctors Without Borders nurse, returned to New Jersey from working with Ebola patients in West Africa in 2014, she was surprised by her reception. Instead of a quiet return to her home in Maine after four weeks on the front line of Ebola treatment, she was quarantined by the State of New Jersey in Newark. She later filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court for violation of her civil rights, false imprisonment, and invasion of privacy.
As a hemorrhagic disease, Ebola is fearsome. In 2014, an outbreak of Ebola virus caused widespread death and sickness in West Africa. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 11,325 people died from the disease, caused by Ebolavirus. After entering the body, Ebola disables immune cells responsible for signaling the presence of the virus, hampering the production of antibodies and the overall ability of the body to respond to the infection.
Nigerian physicians being trained by the World Health Organization (WHO) on how to put on and remove personal protective equipment (PPE) to treat Ebola patients. Image by CDC Global/Wikimedia Commons
As Ebola multiples quickly in the body, it hijacks white blood cells called macrophages. Literally known as big eaters, macrophages usually consume and kill invading pathogens. However, once infected with Ebola, macrophages instead produce secretions and clotting proteins that reduce oxygen delivery to internal organs and damage vascular strength. Overall, this causes victims to seep blood from the eyes, nose, and other orifices, giving Ebola its hemorrhagic—and horrifying—reputation……..